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Montessori Based Curriculum
Home Curriculum

Montessori Based Curriculum

Montessori Based Curriculum

Practical Life: The Skills of Daily Living

“The child can only develop fully by means of experience in his environment.  We call such experience ‘work’.” ~ Dr. Maria Montessori

Practical Life is the first area that our children are exposed to when they first start their preschool journey with us in Nursery 1 or Nursery 2. It encompasses a series of activities (“work” as we call it) of everyday’s life from all aspects of life. The child observes and practices to accomplish these activities and gains knowledge and life skills through the real-world experiences in a purposeful way. Practical life activities provide the child a sense of being and belonging, sense of positive self–esteem knowing that he is capable to care for himself and others, develop concentration, coordination and at the same time prepare the child for reading and writing.
The activities of practical life revolve around four areas; Caring for the Self, Caring for the Environment, Grace & Courtesy and Movement of Objects. Practical Life activities are the cornerstone of the Montessori syllabus.

Sensorial: Exploring the World

“The senses, being explorers of the world, open the way to knowledge. Our apparatus for educating the senses offers the child a key to guide his explorations of the world…” ~ Dr. Maria Montessori

The world is color, size, dimension, shape, form, sound, touch, taste, and smell. These are the many varied impressions that reach a child’s mind through their senses. During the years between three and six, as children develop their senses, their attention is directed toward the environment. The purpose of the Sensorial activities is therefore to help the child in his efforts to clarify, classify, and comprehend the world through manipulating the specifically designed Montessori Sensorial materials. These materials also help prepare him to be a logical, aware, and perceptive person, all of which are important qualities and skills for him to develop the intellectual senses and to comprehend abstract concepts in a later stage. Sensorial works therefore lay an early Mathematical foundation for the child.

Phonics and English

The vibrant conversations in the classroom lead to the formal teaching of reading and writing. Reading is taught phonetically, using Sand Paper Letters and Montessori Reading Apparatus like Pink, Blue, Green series, Sound and Object Box, LMA and Grammar Boxes. The child progresses from single alphabet sound recognition at as young as age of three to spelling of words and finally constructing of sentences and creative writing at the age of six. The structured reading curriculum is supported by storytelling, singing, games and show-and-tell activity thus fostering a joy and desire to learn this global language.

Mathematics: From Concrete to Abstract

“The simpler and clearer thing is the origin of things: as I used to say, the child has to have the origin of things because origin is clearer and more natural for his mind. We simply have to find the material to make the origin accessible.” ~Dr. Maria Montessori

.. and the “origin of things” are the concrete Mathematics materials that we use on daily basis in our classroom.

We believe that Mathematics just simply can’t be taught only through numbers on the white boards or scribbles on the papers. Children need to able to feel the numbers by manipulating and experimenting the materials to fully comprehend the abstract Mathematical concepts that they are being introduced to. Our Mathematics lessons therefore progress from concrete to abstract, from simple to complicated across all age groups.

Cultural: Biology, Zoology, Botany, Geography

“The land is where our roots are. The children must be taught to feel and live in harmony with the earth.” ~Dr. Maria Montessori

Our cultural lessons encourage and enable scientific exploration of biology, zoology, botany, and geography. Nature based zoology and botany lessons include study of animals, plants, and environment around the world. Children are given introduction to geography through the use of continent globes, continents puzzles and maps, and multi-cutural celebration throughout the year. Stories, songs and games help our children to understand and appreciate the world around them, and help to plan the seed for the appreciation of the diversity around us.